Cranial Electrical Stimulators

Section: Durable Medical Equipment
Effective Date: January 01, 2020
Revised Date: December 31, 2019


A cranial electrical stimulator also known as cranial electrotherapy stimulation, transcranial electrotherapy, transcranial electrical stimulation, and electrosleep, (e.g., Alpha-Stim SCS) is a small, battery-operated device that delivers low level electrical stimulation (i.e., microcurrent) to the brain through electrodes that attach to the ear lobes via clips. Its proposed indications include, but may not be limited to, anxiety, depression, insomnia, fibromyalgia, Alzheimer's Disease, and pain-related disorders.

Auricular electrostimulation is a type of ambulatory electrical stimulation of acupuncture points on the ear. Devices, including the P-Stim™ and E-pulse, have been developed to provide continuous or intermittent stimulation over a period of several days. Also known as auricular electro-acupuncture, this type of electrostimulation is being evaluated for a variety of conditions, including pain, depression, and anxiety.


Coverage is subject to the specific terms of the member's benefit plan.

The following electrical stimulation procedures and/or devices are considered experimental/investigational and therefore non-covered. Scientific evidence does not support the efficacy of these treatments or devices for any indication.

  • Cranial electrical stimulation (CES) and/or CES devices used in the home and clinical setting
  • Auricular electrostimulation
  • Cranial electrotherapy stimulation (ces) system, includes all supplies and accessories, any type

Procedure Codes

E1399 K1002 S8930